Education Glossary

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Definitions Starting with "c"

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Term Definition
CAD

Symbol for Canadian Dollar.

Call

A type of option which gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy an asset at a predetermined price within a specific time period.

Call Spread

A strategy constructed when an equal number of call options are bought and sold at the same time.

Callable Bond

A type of bond that permits the issuer the right to redeem the bond prior to maturity.

Candlestick Chart

A different price chart format display of the high, low, open and closing prices which resemble candlesticks -- wide vertical bars with thin lines that extend above and below.

Capital Gain

The profit that results from the sale of a capital asset where the selling price exceeds the purchase price.

Capital Growth

An increase in the market price of a capital asset.

Capital Loss

The opposite of Capital Gain -- the amount that a capital asset selling price is below it's purchase price.

Capitalization

Total monetary value of all stocks and bonds issued by a corporation.

Capitulation

The act of selling a security at a loss for the purpose of moving the proceeds of the sale to less rusky investments. 

Carry Trade

An investor borrows money at a low interest rate to invest in a different financial instrument that provides higher returns.

Cash Delivery

Same day settlement of a trade occuring in the Forex markets.

Cash Dividend

A cash distribution to the shareholders of a corporation, based on profitability and board of directors decisions.

Cash Flow

The movement of money within a company represented by the difference between the opening balance and closing balance for a defined period of time. It identifies a company's solvency.

Central Bank

A government or pseudo-government organization that manage a country's monetary policy.

Certificate

The document signifying ownership of a stock or bond.

Chaikin Oscillator

A technical indicator designed by Mark Chaikin that measures momentum by starting with the Accumulation/Distribution line and applying two Exponential Moving Averages of varying lengths. The indicator is a plot of the difference of the value of the two preceding formulas.

Chande Momentum Oscillator

A technical indicator which measures momentum, designed by Tushar Chande. The difference between the sum of losses and the sum of gains are divided by the sum of prices for a given period.

Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

A form of bankruptcy that mandates a reorganization of a debtor's business assets and operations (also referred to as "restructuring").

Chapter 13

A re-payment plan for debtor's to settle their debts through installments to their creditors.

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