Education Glossary

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Definitions Starting with "f"

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Term Definition
Fair Value

Denotes the difference when comparing the price of a derivative contract to the the price of the underlying cash market price.

False Breakout

When a stock's price closes outside of a range then reverts to fall within the expected range.

Fast Market

An exchange phenomenon where the volume of trade transactions are so excessive that it out paces the rate at which price quotes are being updated.

Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

A U.S. government agency that establishes standards for construction and provides mortgage insurance to private lenders and banks.

Federal Reserve Board (Fed)

A Board of Governors for the Federal Reserve System in Washington D.C. appointed by the President that establishes monetary policy and monitors the economy.

Federal Reserve System

The United State's monetary regulation authority consisting of 12 Federal Reserve Banks which serve member commercial banks in their respective jurisdictions. This system regulates the supply of credit and currency.

Fibonacci Numbers

A numerical pattern in a series where beginning with 0 and 1, the sequence of subsequent numbers are derived from the sum of the previous two.


Point at which an order is fully executed.

Fill or Kill (FOK)

A stock transaction order instructing that a stock be bought or sold immediately in its entirety otherwise the entire order is automatically cancelled.

Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)

An independent self-regulatory agency that assists the Securities and Exchange Commission in regulating securities firms conducting business in the United States.

Fixed Annuity

A contract that obligates an insurance company to make a series of payments to the customer for the duration of the contract. It's a popular strategy for retirees to achieve a steady income.


A neutral position for a security that is neither short or long.

Floor Broker

As an independent member of an Exchange, these individuals operate on the floor of an exchange to manage transactions for other exchange members that become overloaded with orders.


Federal Open Market Committee of the U.S. Federal Reserve that establishes monetary policy.

Force Index

An oscillator designed by Dr. Alexander Elder that measures the power behind price movements to identify potential changes in trend.

Foreign Exchange

The simultaneous transaction of buying one currency and selling another, occurring on the global marketplace referred to as "Forex" or "FX".

Forward Points

These are exchange rate points that reflect the difference between interest rates of two currencies. Forward Points are the basis points that are added or subtracted from the spot rate for a forward exchange transaction.

Fourier Analysis

A method of anlayzing periodic waves through leveraging Trigonometric functions.

Fractional Shares

A share of equity that is only a portion of a full share, resulting from stock splits, corporate mergers or stock buyouts.

FT-SE 100 Share Index

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index is an aggregation of 100 blue chip companies traded on the London Stock Exchange.

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