Education Glossary

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Definitions Starting with "r"

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Term Definition

Reflects increasing buyer demand where a security's price rises rapidly within a given period of time


The difference between the high and low trading price for a financial instrument.

Rate of Return

The gain or loss realized by an investor over a perod of time, expressed as a percentage of the total investment.

Record Date

The company issuing stock defines a specific date when an investor must own shares to be recognized as "Shareholders of Record" and thus eligible to participate in corporate events and dividend distribution.

Red Candlestick

An attribute of Candlestick bar chart where a filled price bar is "painted" red when the closing price of the bar is lower than the day's opening price.


A predictive mathematical equation that describes correlation between a dependent variable and an independent variable. Regression analysis is employed to forecast change.

Regulation A

A law regulated by Securities and Exchange Commission that provides exemption from securities registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933.

Regulation T

A regulation of the Securities and Exchange Commission that applies to the issuance of new securities.

Relative Strength

A technical analysis calculation that represents a ratio of a stock's price to that of a market index, such as the S&P 500.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

Designed by J. Welles Wilder, Jr., this is a momentum oscillator that compares recent gains to recent losses to help identify the presence of overbought or oversold territory.

Renko Chart

Designed by the Japanese, this is a price chart which exclusively plots price movement, excluding time and volume.

Resistance Level

The failure of a stock price to move beyond a certain level.

Restricted Securities

Unregistered shares issued to company executives which are non-transferalble and must be traded according to SEC regulations.

Retail Investor

An individual who trades using personal wealth resources, rather than institutional.


A financial instrument's price movement in the opposite direction of the prevailing trend.


An official increase to a country's currency exchange rate to reflect current market value.

Revenue Bond

A type of municipal bond that are issued for a public project where the debt is repaid via the proceeds from the funded project.


The total amount of fees earned by a company through the sale of its product and services.

Reverse Stock Split

Also known as a stock merge, this describes the process where shares of stock are merged to form a smaller amount of proportional, more valuable shares.


Change in option value that results from a change in interest rates.

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