Education Glossary

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Definitions Starting with "b"

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Term Definition
Buyout

The purchasing of a company's stock to gain controlling interest.

Buy/Write

An advanced option strategy similar to a Covered Call where the trader buys stocks and writes call options against the underlying.

Buy Limit Order

An order to purchase a security at or below a specified price. The trader/investor specifies the price that they are willing to pay for a security, which guarantees that they will pay that price or better (less). If the specified price is not reached, the order will not be filled.

Bust

The opposite of "Boom", this is a period of time where economic growth declines rapidly. 

Bund

The German term for "bond", this is a debt instrument issued by Germany's federal government that are similar to U.S. treasuries.

Bullish Engulfing Pattern

A Candlestick price chart pattern where a small black candlestick is followed by a large white candlestick that engulfs the candlestick bar preceding it.

Bullish Divergence

Occurring within an uptrend, when two technical indicators move in opposition to each other, signaling a near term change in trend.

Bull Flag

A price chart pattern that occurs within an uptrend that produces a uniform price decline of lower tops and lower bottoms.

Bull Correction

A short-lived price retracement in a market that is rising.

Bull

Is an optimistic sentiment by an investor which subscribes to the belief that the financial markets (or any asset therein) will rise in value.

Broken Date

Describes a transaction date in a forward or money market contract that is outside of the standard maturity date. 

Breakout

Market price changes to move beyond a previously identified support and resistance level.

Breakaway Gap

A blank space which appears above or below the price bars on a price chart that signifies that a new trend has begun.

Breadth of Market

An indicator which measures the ratio of the number of advancing stocks to declining stocks.

Bottom

On a price chart, this is the lowest price reached by a security over a specific time frame.

Boom

A time period of fast and strong economic growth.

Bond Yield

The income that an investor will realize through purchasing a Bond.

Bond

A financial product that allows an investor to lend money to a government or company. The entity issues what is essentially an IOU, which is then purchased by investors. Investors receive the principal (full amount) at the bond's maturity (expiration), along with interest for the bond's term.

Bollinger Bands®

Designed by John Bollinger, this technical indicator measures volatility by plotting lines two standard deviations away from a Simple Moving Average.

Board of Directors

Elected or appointed individuals who collectively oversee the management of a corporation.

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