Education Glossary

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Definitions Starting with "c"

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Term Definition

A financial institution that is responsible for protecting a client's financial assets to mimize risk of theft or loss. 

Current Assets

The value of all assets that can be converted to cash within a year.

Current Income

The objective to provide high dividend or annuity payments from a conservative portfolio to satisfy an investor's steady income needs.

Currency Risk

Also known as Exchange Rate Risk, it describes the probability of currency value depreciation and the adverse affects on the investor's portfolio.

Currency Pair

Two currencies which comprise a foreign exchange rate. For example, USD/CAD.

Cup and Handle

A price chart continuation pattern that identifies a Consolidation period followed by a Breakout.

Cumulative Volume Index (CVI)

A technical indicator that tracks the movement of money into and out of the market for a given time frame. 

Cumulative Dividends

An amount that publicly traded companies must remit to Preferred stock shareholders irregardless of earnings, in advance of dividends paid to Common stock shareholders. 


An occurance of a security's price crossing a boundary thought to be Bullish or Bearish.

Cross Hedge

Hedging one financial instrument's risk by taking a position in a derivatives contract.

Credit Agreement

The credit terms between broker and client relating to a margin account.


Plunging market prices driven by a crisis that adversely impacts investor confidence in the markets. 

Crack Spread

A term associated with oil futures trading named after the chemical process of cracking (heating oil distilled to produce different grades of fuel). Crack spread is a hedge trade constructed by entering long in oil futures while at the same time, shorting heating oil and gasoline futures.

Covered Put

A bearish trading strategy invollving the writing of put options while shorting an e quivalent amount of the underlying stock.

Covered Call

A trading strategy where by an investor sells call options against shares of stocks already owned.

Coupon Yield

The interest rate, expressed as a percentage of the principal, stated on a fixed income security.


The rate of interest on a fixed income security or the detachable portion of a bearer's stock certificate, redeemable for dividends.

Country Risk

Liability associated with cross-border transactions as a result of legal,political or other conditions.

Counter Currency

The currency listed second in a Forex currency pair.

Cost Push Inflation

Inflation caused by rising prices in production expenses such as raw materials and labor. 

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