Education Glossary

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Term Definition

A class of stock shares where the next dividend is assigned to the seller, not the buyer.


A common stock shareholder's ownership interest in a company.


A company's profits produced over a specified period, usually 3 months.


A completed securities transaction.

Earnings Report

A financial statement released by a company quarterly detailing all earnings and expenses supporting a profit or loss.

Expanding Triangle

A price chart reversal pattern resembling a triangle that forms when top price increases and bottom price decreases move farther apart with each subsequent price bar.


A price chart that plots the merging of price and volume as one data point. Similar in format to a Candlestick bar chart, the height of the bar is representative of the high and low, while the width of the bar signifies volume.

Economic Indicator

A statistic used by investors to evaluate future trends in a nation's economy.

Exponential Moving Average

A technical indicator which modifies a simple moving average to give greater weight to the most recent price data.


An electronically traded futures contract on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange that represents a portion of the normal futures contracts

Equity Option

An equity derivative that provides the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a quantity of stock at a specific price, within a specific period of time.

Earnings Per Share (EPS)

An indicator for a company's profitability. The profits of a company divided by the number of outstanding shares of common stock.

Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

An investment fund traded on stock exchanges that tracks indexes such as the Nasdaq 100, S&P 500, etc. The ETF tracks the yield and return of it's corresponding index. Trades like a single stock, but provides benefits with a diversified portfolio.


An organized marketplace where commodities, derivatives and securites are bought and sold.


Electronic Communications Network. A computerized system outside of the market that manages direct transactions between major brokers and individual traders (no middleman). Currencies and stocks are primarily traded on ECNs.

Elliott Wave Theory

Formulated by Ralph Nelson Elliott, it is based on the philosophy that the stock market could be forecast through the study of a repetitive pattern of waves.

Earnings Momentum

Term applied to accelerated or declining revenue growth in Earnings Per Share. 


The action of an options holder to employ the right to buy (call option) or sell (put option), the underlying security.

Expiration Month

The calendar month in which an option or future contract expires.


The currency of nations belonging to Eurozone.

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