Education Glossary

Showing Terms 1 - 20 out of 49 found.
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Term Definition
Serial Bond

A bond that reaches maturity over several years.

Short Term Bond

A bond that reaches maturity within 5 years.


A by-product of poorly executed trades, this is the difference between the order price and the actual execution price of a security.

Shooting Star

A Candlestick bar chart price pattern indicating a reversal, identified by a short black body with a long wick upwards.

Spinning Top

A Candlestick chart bar pattern represented by a short body with short wicks of nearly equal proportions upwards and downwards. It signifies market uncertainty with the security.


A condition or event which alerts traders to buy or sell a particular security.


A financial security that is a share ownership in a corporation representing a proportional claim to the assets and profits of the organization.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

A government agency that regulates the securities industry to protect investors.


A mathematical formula where one or more of the variables are random. It is employed to forecast probabilities of different outcomes.

Stop Limit Order

A merge of a stop order and a limit order where once the stop price is reached, a limit order is executed to buy or sell at the limit price or better.

Sector Fund

A mutual fund which invests entirely within a singular industry sector.

Securities Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC)

A non-profit insurance company that provides protection for investors' accounts with brokerage firms.

Structural Pivot

A price chart pattern consisting of three price bars that indicates a trend reversal. A pivot from from a high suggests resistance where a pivot from a low suggests support.


A price chart pattern where a security's price falls to a low, then increases from that low, suggesting the down trend has concluded.

Support Level

A price level determined by historical data where a security's price tends to stop falling.

Stock Dividend

A proportional distribution of a company's earnings in the form of stock issuance.

Spot Market

A public financial marketplace where financial instruments are traded for immediate delivery. 

Standard Deviation

A statistic that measures the variability of an investment's return against it's historical average return.

Sharpe Ratio

A technical formula designed by William F. Sharpe that calculates the average return minus the risk-free return, divided by the standard deviation of the return, on an investment.

Simple Moving Average: SMA

A technical mathematical formula that adds the closing prices over a range of time periods then divides by the total number of time periods.

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