Education Glossary

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Term Definition
Synchronous Data

Elements of a data set collected at the same time. In trading, this is typically applied to trades, where calculations can be applied to test strategies for options trading.


Alphanumeric characters that identify publicly traded companies within exchanges.


An agreement to exchange one currency for another, at a specified rate of exchange.

Support Level

A price level determined by historical data where a security's price tends to stop falling.

Structural Pivot

A price chart pattern consisting of three price bars that indicates a trend reversal. A pivot from from a high suggests resistance where a pivot from a low suggests support.

Strike Price

The specific price at which an option contract may be exercised.


A trading strategy applied to options where the trader holds a position in a call and a put with different strike prices, but with the same expiration and underlying asset.


A trading strategy applied to options where a trader holds a position containing a call and a put with the same expiration date and srike price.

Stop-Loss Order

An order instructing the broker to Sell a security when a specific price is reached, below the current price, to control risk of loss.

Stop Order

An order that become executable when a security has reached or gone past a pre-determined price and is filled at current market price.

Stop Limit Order

A merge of a stop order and a limit order where once the stop price is reached, a limit order is executed to buy or sell at the limit price or better.

Stock Yield

The rate of income for a stock paid through Dividends.

Stock Split

The issuance of more stock shares by a company to existing stock shareholders to add liquidity and lower share price.

Stock Dividend

A proportional distribution of a company's earnings in the form of stock issuance.


A financial security that is a share ownership in a corporation representing a proportional claim to the assets and profits of the organization.


A mathematical formula where one or more of the variables are random. It is employed to forecast probabilities of different outcomes.

Standard Deviation

A statistic that measures the variability of an investment's return against it's historical average return.


The difference between the bid and the ask price for a security.

Spot Price

The current market price of an asset for immediate delivery.

Spot Market

A public financial marketplace where financial instruments are traded for immediate delivery. 

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