Education Glossary

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Term Definition
Stock Yield

The rate of income for a stock paid through Dividends.

Bond Yield

The income that an investor will realize through purchasing a Bond.

Writer

The option contract's seller.

Warrant

A certificate issued by a company that gives the holder the option of buying stock shares at a specific Strike price until expiration.

UpTick

A fluctuation in a securities price which is higher than the previous transaction.

Unlisted Security

A financial security that has not met exchange requirements to be listed on the exchange.

Underlying

A financial instrument (Stocks, Futures, Commodities, etc.) that formulates the basis for a Derivative's (such as Options) price.

Uncovered Put

A strategy where the trader sells a Put Option without having a Short position in the underlying Stock.

Uncovered Call

The act by a trader to sell a Call option without owning the underlying asset.

Treasury Note

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury that distributes interest payments semi-annually and matures in two to ten years.

Treasury Bond

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury with a maturity of ten to thirty years.

Treasury Bill

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury with a maturity of 1 year or less.

Treasuries

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury, where principal and interest is guaranteed by the Federal government. They are tax exempt at local and state government levels, but taxable at Federal level.

Transfer Agent

An individual or organization that prepares, maintains and reports on shareholder accounts.

Transfer

The protocol that governs how securities are re-assigned to new owners.

Trading Range

The difference between a security's high and low price for a defined time period.

Time Value

The concept that monetary value today is worth more than it will be in the future due to the higher probabilities of earning potential.

Ticker

A digital display of current security price fluctuations occurring on an exchange for a given day. "Tick" represents change in price, regardless of direction.

Technical Analysis

A methodology that evaluates market activity through historical price data and volume to forecast future price movements.

Tax Exempt Bond

A municipal bond issued by state or local governments where interest payments are tax exempted.