Education Glossary

Showing Terms 21 - 40 out of 49 found.
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Definitions Starting with "s"

Term Definition
Spinning Top

A Candlestick chart bar pattern represented by a short body with short wicks of nearly equal proportions upwards and downwards. It signifies market uncertainty with the security.


An investor who willingly assumes substantial risk because of the optimism for gain.


An exchange member who makes the market in a specific security.


Possessing assets in excess of liabilities. 

Slow Stochastic

A technical oscillator that tracks momentum by comparing closing prices for a given market over N periods of time.


A by-product of poorly executed trades, this is the difference between the order price and the actual execution price of a security.


The quantity magnitude of a trade order.

Simple Moving Average: SMA

A technical mathematical formula that adds the closing prices over a range of time periods then divides by the total number of time periods.


A condition or event which alerts traders to buy or sell a particular security.

Short Term Bond

A bond that reaches maturity within 5 years.

Short Sell

A trading strategy of selling a borrowed security with a purpose of re-purchasing at a lower price for profit. This is the opposite of entering a Long position.

Short Covering

The action of a trader to buy securities that they previously sold short, in order to close the position.

Shooting Star

A Candlestick bar chart price pattern indicating a reversal, identified by a short black body with a long wick upwards.

Sharpe Ratio

A technical formula designed by William F. Sharpe that calculates the average return minus the risk-free return, divided by the standard deviation of the return, on an investment.

Shares Outstanding

The amount of Common Stock shares owned by investors.


An individual which owns shares of ownership in a company.

Share Repurchase

The act of a company to buy back its own stock shares in the open market to reduce Shares Outstanding and increase Earnings Per Share, which ultimately seeks to drive the stock price higher.


Occuring a few days after trade exececution, this is the exchange process that designates when payment is made and shares are delivered.

Serial Correlation

The comparison of a value to itself over successive time periods.

Serial Bond

A bond that reaches maturity over several years.