Education Glossary

Showing Terms 41 - 60 out of 533 found.

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Term Definition
Option Class

A collection of options which have the same underlying security.

Commodity

A commodity is any good that is identical from any producer, where producers engage in price competition. They are used in the production of other goods or services.

Equity

A common stock shareholder's ownership interest in a company.

Basis Point

A common unit of measure (1/100th of one percent) used to describe the percentage change in value of a financial instrument or interest rates.

Price/Earnings Ratio

A company valuation tool that measures current share price against per-share earnings. It's a good indicator for investor demand for the company's shares.

Distributions

A company's payment of capital gains or dividends. Typically distributed to shareholders at least once a year.

Earnings

A company's profits produced over a specified period, usually 3 months.

Net Earnings

A company's total profit after operating expenses, depreciation, interest, and taxes have been backed out of revenue.

Execution

A completed securities transaction.

NASDAQ

A computerized system designed by the National Association of Securities Dealers for efficient securities transactions.

Signal

A condition or event which alerts traders to buy or sell a particular security.

Fixed Annuity

A contract that obligates an insurance company to make a series of payments to the customer for the duration of the contract. It's a popular strategy for retirees to achieve a steady income.

Profit Margin

A corporate evaluative formula that divides Net Income by revenue for a specified period.

Annual Report

A corporation's year-end financial statistics and operations summary filed annually with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The report details the company's financial condition, liabilities and forward-thinking plans.

Inverse Relationship

A correlation between two values where an increase in one results in a decrease in the other.

Outside Reversal

A daily bar chart pattern where the security's high is higher than the previous trading day.

Treasury Note

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury that distributes interest payments semi-annually and matures in two to ten years.

Treasury Bill

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury with a maturity of 1 year or less.

Treasury Bond

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury with a maturity of ten to thirty years.

Treasuries

A debt instrument issued by the United States Department of Treasury, where principal and interest is guaranteed by the Federal government. They are tax exempt at local and state government levels, but taxable at Federal level.

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