Education Glossary

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Term Definition

The probability that an economic crisis in one market will move to another market.


In charting, the movement of a financial instrument's price within established price level barriers for a period of time, which concludes when the price breaks out of either barrier.

Commodity Currency

Currencies from countries that possess large quantities of natural resources, where their economies are directly correlated to the export of these natural resources -- Canada, New Zealand and Australia.

Choppy Market

Price chart action that swings up and down at a high frequency, but resulting price movement remains neutral.

Central Bank

A government or pseudo-government organization that manage a country's monetary policy.

Carry Trade

An investor borrows money at a low interest rate to invest in a different financial instrument that provides higher returns.


The act of selling a security at a loss for the purpose of moving the proceeds of the sale to less rusky investments. 


Symbol for Canadian Dollar.

Black Box

A self-contained trading system comprised of model-based formulas that are not revealed to the trader/user.

Big Figure

Refers to the first 3 digits of a currency quote.

Basis Point

A common unit of measure (1/100th of one percent) used to describe the percentage change in value of a financial instrument or interest rates.

Base Rate

Is the minimum lending rate of the central bank for any given country.

Base Currency

This is the first currency listed in a Forex currency pair. It serves as the basis for which the currency exchange rate will be quoted.

Spot Price

The current market price of an asset for immediate delivery.


A trading strategy designed to accrue trading profit on small incremental price changes in a security, resulting in a higher volume of trades placed, rather than waiting on large movements in price.


The purchase and later sale of a futures contract, stock or other financial instrument.


The complete cost of an option.

Intrinsic Value

The hypothetical value of a company that factors in the value of future cash flows. In options trading, this refers to the difference in an option's Strike Price and market value of the underlying asset.

Delivery Month

A designation within a Futures contract that specifies the contract's expiration and when delivery of the underlying asset must occur.

Cross Hedge

Hedging one financial instrument's risk by taking a position in a derivatives contract.

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