Education Glossary

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A condition or event which alerts traders to buy or sell a particular security.

Shooting Star

A Candlestick bar chart price pattern indicating a reversal, identified by a short black body with a long wick upwards.

Serial Correlation

The comparison of a value to itself over successive time periods.

Secular Trend

A variable with a consistent directional behavior over a long period of time.


A price chart pattern where a security's price falls to a low, then increases from that low, suggesting the down trend has concluded.


An investment's uncertainty relating to financial returns and potential loss.

Rising Bottoms

A price chart pattern that represents a security's low price increasing each day for a sustained number of days.

Renko Chart

Designed by the Japanese, this is a price chart which exclusively plots price movement, excluding time and volume.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

Designed by J. Welles Wilder, Jr., this is a momentum oscillator that compares recent gains to recent losses to help identify the presence of overbought or oversold territory.


A predictive mathematical equation that describes correlation between a dependent variable and an independent variable. Regression analysis is employed to forecast change.

Red Candlestick

An attribute of Candlestick bar chart where a filled price bar is "painted" red when the closing price of the bar is lower than the day's opening price.

Quantitative Analysis

A method of investing where decisions are based upon analysis of measurable statistics through complex mathematical formulas calculated programmatically by computers.

Price Action

The fluctuation in value for a security's price.


An investor who willingly assumes substantial risk because of the optimism for gain.


Reflects increasing buyer demand where a security's price rises rapidly within a given period of time

Negative Directional Indicator

An attribute of the Average Directional Index (ADX) that quantifies the occurrence of an downtrend.

Positive Directional Indicator

An attribute of the Average Directional Index (ADX) that quantifies the occurrence of an uptrend.


A price chart pattern resembling a pole with a flag (pennant), the pattern identifies a strong trend and is characterized by increasing lower highs and higher lows.


Graphic formations of a financial instrument's price movements on a chart.

Parabolic SAR Indicator

Designed by Welles Wilder, this lagging indicator employs a "stop and reverse" strategy through the use of Trailing Stops and identifying a Trend Reversal.